Infectious Diseases

Posted by Samuel Kurnianta On Saturday, November 17, 2012 0 comments

Disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected. To cure the disease, the common people to consult a doctor. Infectious disease is a disease that can be transmitted from one person to another. Transmission of the disease usually occurs when contact occurs between people who are sick with someone else. It could also occur directly or through intermediaries.

Usually the nature of infectious disease is an acute, short duration, and is usually caused by a pathogen.

1. Influenza
The disease is caused by a virus that attacks the respiratory tract. These diseases include diseases that quickly spread. Symptoms of the disease are chills, fever, headache, sore back muscles, the body feels weak, tired, sweaty, sore throat, cough - cough, runny nose, and body temperature rises.

How to treat influenza disease is to consume as much water - quantity and adequate rest.
- And Flu Relief Drink Beverages.

2. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
Dengue fever is an infectious disease that can be fatal in a very short time. Dengue fever is not contagious through direct human contact but can be transmitted through mosquito Aedes aegypti females that keep the virus in eggs and will transmit the virus to humans through bites. This type of mosquito bite usually during the day (09:00 to 10:00) and afternoon (16:00 to 5:00 p.m.)

Symptoms of dengue fever is among adala arrived - arrived, severe headache, pain in joints and muscles, as well as the raised dots - red spots on the skin. Prevention of dengue fever can be done by:

  • mosquito spraying in the home and community,
  • clean waterways, cover water storage, 
  • tub drain cleaning and bathing 
  • and bury stuff - junk that are not used
3. Diarrhea
Diarrhea is a disease caused by a virus. People with diarrhea will have frequent bowel movement faces a watery texture. Severe diarrhea if not handled properly can cause dehydration and can also cause death.

Disease symptoms of diarrhea can be caused by injury, allergies to certain substances, illness from food, consuming excess vitamin C. Diarrheal diseases can be treated by consuming plenty of fluids, especially oralit that could replace the amount of fluid that comes out through bowel movements.

4. Tuberculosis (TB / TB)
Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria that can attack all parts of the body but is most lung. People affected by TB can infect others through the respiratory system. TB disease is now more difficult to cure after the discovery of the virus that mutates XDR-TB that are resistant to existing drugs currently

5. Smallpox
Chickenpox Varicella Zoster virus that caused it is contagious. In the skin the patient will find a bunch of little spots, sided liquid, or scab. The spots are making people feel itchy. The long term effects on the skin defects, infertility, and sometimes blindness. Other symptoms such as fever, headache, body aches and rash.

6. Malaria
Malaria has killed 2 million people per year and cause about 400 to 900 million cases of fever each year. The malaria parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes, and they multiply in red blood cells. Symptoms such as anemia, fever, nausea, and in some extreme cases can lead to coma and death. Malaria is the biggest problem in the tropics and subtropics of the world.

7. Measles
Measles is a disease caused by a virus paramiksovirus. The disease is transmitted from the saliva of the patient. The incubation period of this disease is 10-14 days. This disease symptoms are hot, runny nose, cough, sore throat, pain in muscles and the eyes become red. At its peak the patient will feel pain, rashes all over the body and high body temperature. This disease can be prevented with the measles vaccine as a baby.

8. Polio
Polio is caused by a virus that includes family picornavirus genus enterovirus that causes the sufferer paralyzed wilt. The virus is resistant to physical and chemical effects. The virus can also live in feces for 90-100 days. The virus can survive longer in wastewater and surface water, even up to several kilometers from the source of infection.

9. Cholera
Cholera (cholera) is a disease of the intestinal tract infection. The nature of acute cholera, the bacterium Vibrio cholerae causes. These bacteria enter the body through contaminated food or drink. In the gut bacteria secrete enterotoxin (poison). As a result, patients with diarrhea (diarrhea) accompanied by acute and severe vomiting. As a result of information, people lose a lot of fluids and get in on the state of dehydration that can be fatal.

10. Plague
Bubonic plague is better known as "Black Death", is a contagious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia Pesti, most often carried by rodents and fleas. In medieval times, millions of people across Europe died from plague caused by rat fleas are common in homes and offices.

Now there has been an efficient antibiotics to treat the disease if detected early. But if someone has been infected and is not treated immediately, likely to cause death. Bubonic plague is sometimes still occur in rural communities.

11. Typhus
Typhus is still prevalent in developing countries, so that foreign tourists should be vaccinated against it. The disease is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria carried into the bloodstream and intestinal tract.

Symptoms of typhoid fever as a sustainable, weakness, abdominal pain, headache and loss of appetite. In some cases, there is a rash and red spots on pasein. Typhoid fever is usually treated with antibiotics that can disappear for 2-3 days of infection.

12. Yellow fever
Yellow fever is a deadly viral disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. This naming because infected patients can look yellow. Yet no cure for yellow fever. Treatment is only aimed at reducing the patient's symptoms, such as fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, and bleeding from the mouth, nose and eyes.

There are 30,000 deaths from yellow fever each year, most commonly in the tropics. Currently, vaccination is the most important preventive measure against yellow fever.

13. Spanish Flu

Between 1918 and 1919, the Spanish flu killed 20 to 40 million people. This is truly a global disaster. This deadly flu strikes people aged 20 to 40 years, and infected 28 percent of the American population.

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Hopefully the article Infectious Diseases useful for you.

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